Engagement between accountability institutions (AIs) and civil society organizations (CSOs) is an important dimension in the theory of change of the Global Partnership for Social Accountability (GPSA). According to the GPSA’s theory of change, AIs and CSOs, by working together, can benefit and strengthen each other and contribute to government accountability. But what does this approach look like in practice? What initiatives are being implemented under GPSA-supported projects and how? This note takes a look at the efforts being made by the CSOs implementing GPSA grants. It explores the strategies used and the challenges that have been encountered, with the aim of learning from ongoing experiences in this area.