How Useful are RCTs in Evaluating Transparency and Accountability Projects?

This paper, produced under the research and evidence (R&E) component of the Making All Voices Count programme, reviews experience in the use of randomized control trials (RCTs) in evaluating transparency and accountability (T&A) initiatives, and where evidence exists, in evaluating Technology-for-Transparency-and-Accountability (henceforth T4T&A, also known as Tech-4-T&A) initiatives. The paper aims to contribute to understanding the potential usefulness of RCT approaches within Making All Voices Count and similar aid and research programmes and grant mechanisms.