Literature Review & Conceptual Discussion of Social Audits

Direct participation in public policy processes has gained importance in recent decades. During the last third of the 20th century, participation and citizens monitoring in public affairs have spread in various regions of the world, especially in countries that are willing to strengthen their governments (Fox, 2014: 9).

There is wide recognition by international agencies, researchers and governments that citizen participation could have a positive impact on the design and implementation of policies, on the provision and quality of the goods and services; on the use of public resources, and therefore improve governance.

The Global Initiative for Fiscal Transparency (GIFT) has included direct citizen participation as one of its ten high level principles on fiscal transparency, participation and accountability . However, there are many forms in which citizens could participate on public issues and specifically in those related to public resources, one of which is social audits.